Church Ministries are organized to allow the church to function and fulfill its purpose in carring out the work of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, who is the Head Shephered (Ephesians 1:22-23, 4:25-16; 1 Corinthians 12:12-13) 

The Great Commission in Matthew 28:16-20 and the early church in Acts 2:42-47 (and many other places in scripture), we can see four basic functions or areas of ministry. These four general areas are listed in the table below:
 

Evangelism, Outreach, Missions ...
Matthew 28:19; 2 Corinthians 5:20;Mark 16:15

Fellowship, Encouraging, Accountability ...
Hebrews 3:13, 10:25-25; 2 Timothy 4:2

Prayer, Worship ...
Ephesians 5:19-20, 6:18; Psalms 33:1

Equipping, Teaching, Bible Study ...
Matthew 28:20; 2 Timothy 3:14-17; John 14:26


These four areas represent the relationships the church has: between the churchand those outside, the church and those within, the church's relationship toward God, and God's relationship toward the church.

These four relationships can be indicated by four directional words describing the direction of the relationship to the church. They are:

 ·Out-Reach: The church reaching out to those outside the church. (Evangelism,   Missions)

· In-Reach: The church reaching in to those inside the church. (Encouragement, Fellowship)

 
· Up-Reach: The church reaching up by communicating and giving to God. (Praising, Prayer, Worship)

·  Down-Reach: God reaching down by communicating and giving to the church. (Bible Study, Preaching Teaching, the Holy Spirit)

All these relationships work together in balance and are necessary for each to function properly.